An ontological interpretation of "anomalous" experiences Ede Frecska (Psychiatry, University of Debrecen; National Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Hungary, Debrecen, Hajdu-Bihar Hungary) PL6
Psychedelics can occasion experiences typical of the shamanic state of consciousness (shamanic trance) of properly trained and initiated, authentic tribal healers. Many of them belong to the paranormal and elude neurobiological explanations based on classical physics and classical cognition denoted in the presentation as 'sensory-cognitive' information processing (characteristic of the ordinary state of consciousness). A second foundation of knowledge - named as 'direct-intuitive' approach - with an input based on nonlocal connections (direct, because it bypasses the sensory organs) and an intuitive way for making representation of the environment is recommended to be introduced for better understanding of the "anomalies" to be detailed in the speech. The 'direct-intuitive' process transpires mainly in the integrative forms of altered states of consciousness. It will also be argued that dual aspects of nature generally are reflected in the way we relate to it, and may appear on different levels we, humans relate to the world. The outlined dichotomy of knowledge is common in wisdom traditions and can explain the differences between scientific and spiritual teachings, and provides ground of interpretation for certain psychedelic experience which escape neuroscientific interpretation.